Tuesday, November 22, 2011

John McManigle - Who are You?

Thanks to Elizabeth O’Neal from Little Bytes of Life’s Blog:  “Tuesday’s Tip:  Colorado Historic Newspaper Collection, I found the following newspaper article.  I have a John McManigle that has gone missing after the 1860 US Federal Census Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.  Not Illinois and my John did not have twelve children, but would still like to know who this John McManigle was. . .

          Last Saurday morning about one o’clock Mr. Fank P. Warner of Rosita having been detained at Silver Clift until that hour, went to Peck’s livery stable accompanied Mr. A. H. Lacey and ordered a team to bring him home.
          Charley Goodwin who was in charge of the stable went to the shed stable in the rear, for the horses and soon came back his face pale and voice trembling and called Messers Warner and Lacey to come out, and when at the door of the shed he pointed in and asked “What do you think of that?”
          By the light of the lantern they saw a man hanging in a vacant stall directly in front of the door.  After the first surprise was over they ascertained that the man was dead beyond peradventure and immediately sent for Coroner Roberts, who woon came and ordered the body taken down and cared for.  An inquest was held that day and a verdict of premeditated suicide rendered.
          The unfortunate, weary life, was John McManigle, who has been in the county about three years.  He came from Neoga, Cumberland county, Ill., where he left a wife, and somewhere in the east has twelve children, all grown.
          The deceased was about 70 years old, and for years has indulged freely in the flowing bowl.  He had been on a spree for several days and his money being all gone, he could get no more “booze,” was down hearted, and decided that life was not worth the living, and – the end.
          The body showed that the deceased had strong will power, as his head was about eighteen inches from the cross piece above and feet only about the same distance from the ground.  He must have climbed upon the sides of the stall, adjusted the rope, stepped off and slowly strangled to death, but his hands hung by his side and there was not evidence of even involuntary effort to relieve himself.
Sierra Journal (Rosita, Custer County)
Thursday, March 18, 1886
Page: 3

Sunday, July 10, 2011

Old Files and New Ideas

The past couple of weeks have been very interesting.  I have not been blogging and I did take a few days off when my granddaughter, Bayleigh came to visit.  BUT I have not been idle . . .  Continuing from my last Blog, I have been going through past papers sent by cousins through the past 15 plus years.

I actually did not know where to start, I have 3 files cabinets, and probably 8 large plastic file boxes, a couple of small file boxes and loose papers in boxes and on book shelves.  I decided to start with the filing cabinet by my computer desk!  Easy enough! 

Right away I found I had a few choices to make:
·         Do I make digital copies and then throw the paper away? Or do I continue to keep everything?  Or do I keep just hard copies of my Direct lines, do I need hard copies of collateral lines, as long as I have digital copies with offsite backups?  What I decided, was to Keep original or copies of original paper, make digital copies of everything, even if I need to make new transcriptions of papers.  I would also look to see if I could find original copies of paper, obituaries, Birth, Marriage, death, records (I can’t afford to send away for them so hope to find free copies on line.  Also some cousins have sent me copies of their original papers, I will be keeping them, making digital copies of them and an attaching a copy in Legacy Family Tree.  Census records I will be dumping as long as I have a digital copy and an attached copy in Legacy Family Tree.  These are available in so many places on the Internet, I really do not feel I need to keep them, especially the ones that I transcribed 25 years ago.

·         I know that most of my sources are the bad style, So and So sent me an email; (sometimes dates and subjects were noted, not always.)  No notes if there was an actual copy of a newspaper or a transcription.  One thing I have learned over the last couple of months is that repetition of documentation is NOT a bad thing.  In a couple of Legacy Webinar of Geoff Live, I saw that he was entering the information not only as an Event, but also in the text in the source citation.  I did not understand, even though I had become frustrated many times looking at a source for a residence and the only note was that it was the Obituary of a relative.  I would then have to go back to that relative, read the obituary again, and tell myself, “oh yeah, that is why that is sourced that way.”  Would have been a lot easier to see the transcribed copy in the Source Citation.  So this started to make sense to me and this past week, I have been changing my ways.  Yes it may takes a bit more time now, but it will be better in the long run.

·         Another thing I realized was that some of the information that I have is old and outdated.  In the beginning, most of us only had about dates and locations were only the states.  As we have discovered more records we have been adding the new information.  I want to credit everyone with everything they have contributed over the years, but wonder if I should keep a date of about 1850 from one cousin, when we have learned later from another cousin, that the date was actually 3 January 1853.  Should I be keeping both dates with both sources?  Some of the family had about 10 about dates of births from different cousins, should they all be listed?  I am still undecided what is the correct way to handle this.  Do I make notes that Cousin 1, 2, 3 & 4 had it close but not cigar?  And Cousin 7, 8 & 9 were nowhere close?  I don’t think I would like to be a source that is way off when someone else had the correct information.  Hmmmm . . .

So these are just three of the changes I have discovered so far that I will be implementing, I am sure I will find a lot more as I go through the old files.  One of the other things that I have discovered about myself is that I really feel good cleaning up the sources and information in my Legacy Family Tree and digital files and paper work.  But I also enjoy the hunt and I still have lots of that to do.  I realize this cleanup will take a lot of time BUT, I don’t want to quit finding new information as I go.  So I will need to make time for both.  Another thing is that I love learning new information about and how to do Genealogy.  But when do you draw the line that it is great to learn, but do not forget to DO, and that includes Blogging.

So I am back to the Old Files and hope to do more Blogging as I go!  ~smiles~

Thursday, June 9, 2011

When was the last time you went through your Genealogy Papers???

For me, it is looking like it has been many, many years.  After I updated the McManigle Family Website, I received an email from a cousin, Dixie Deaton.  She was unhappy with me and I could not imagine what I had done.  Well, come to find out I didn’t do anything!  YAY  BUT, that was the problem ~frown~  Many of you have heard my sad story about my Legacy Family Tree database becoming corrupt back in 2006.  I was devastated, and tried to fix it.  After about a year, I decided that I should just start over, so I did.  It has taken a couple of years to come close.  I knew I had not gotten everyone into the new Legacy database, but continued on.  Seems like I not only did not get everyone, but I also did not get all my sources . . .  Cousins, Pauline Fink and Sheldon McManigle had sent me a lot of information in the early days, Sheldon still does!  So of course I started with their files and was planning to get to the other files.  That is where I messed up.  I have never gotten back to the files of the dozens of cousins that shared with me their research.  At this point I am really beating myself up, it’s not helping. 

When I started, I had promised that when cousins shared their research, I would credit them as sources.  Way back in 1996, I only had about 200 family members in my Legacy database.  It was easy to keep updated and I printed out lots of Family Group sheets.  We even had a “Cousins” page on the McManigle Website, listing all the cousins who had helped with the research and their family lines.  

By the time that the Legacy database became corrupt, we had over 33,000 family members!  And needless to say, there were dozens and dozens of helpful cousins.  I have also lost many emails throughout the years, but have tried to keep hard copies and copies in my email folders.  I have not gone through them in years and have continued my searches adding much information. (note:  just checked and we have 28,737 people in the Legacy database, hmmm, yep sure does look like there are more than a few people  that are missing!)

I am now in the process of going through all my hard copies files and then I will tackle the stored emails.  I have no idea when I will be finished with this project! ~laughs~  I have four file cabinets and at least five file boxes and at least 2,000 stored emails.  Oh my! 

The purpose of this Blog is to apologize to all my cousins and even some strangers who have helped develop the McManigle Family Website.  I will try to recreate as much as I possibly can with the correct sources.  I am very sorry at my neglect, it was not intentional, I am very grateful for all the help I have received over the years.

Thank you

Monday, June 6, 2011

The Borden Family Papers Has Moved

You may have noticed that I am no longer posting the Borden Papers on the McManigle Blog.  I have decided to make a new Borden Papers Blog.  I thought it might be best to keep the two project separate.  I have posted a couple already and will try to start the letters tomorrow.

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Dick Eastman's Post on AnestorSync - Very Exciting

As I was reading my favorite blogs this morning, Dick Eastman has a post "AncestorSync To Bridge The Gap Between Desktop and Online Family History".  If you have not read it, please take a look.

I personally work on my Family History with Legacy Family Tree software.  I love the software and have used it forever.  But I also want my Family information in the 'Cloud' so more people can find the information.  I do have The McManigle Family website, I use Legacy to create the pages and then upload them.  I have uploaded the GED file to Ancestry Family Trees, many many times!  There is no way to Sync at this time.  I have also uploaded a GED file to Geni and Archives.  But again no way to Sync, the information needs to up re-uploaded.  I probably have a couple more out there that I have forgotten.  Also Geni and Archives does not allow a large GED file to be uploaded.  So you can see if I tried to keep all of them up to date, I would enter one document to Legacy Family Tree and then spend at least an hour updating all the other trees.  Needless to say, it just does not get done.  BUT to be able to Sync them all would be very exciting!

I am looking forward to trying this new software out!  Ancestorsync, is the name of the software, it is not available until June 2011, but they do have a PreOrder special, $10.00 for the first year! Usually $15.00 a year.  I tried to PreOrder, but it is not available until tomorrow, 11 May 2011.  I will certainly be heading back to the website to give it a try tomorrow.

Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Borden Family Letter #1

{Letter with no date, no name for the sister or the writer}

My Dearest Sister:

Papa has just handed me his letter saying “you may read it, and add something to it if you will not be long- ”
With my heart so full of tender thoughts of you it seems unsatisfactory to send a few hurried words instead of loving sympathetic ones – yet I avail myself of his offer thinking I may not find time to send anything better before I go to Buckner’s- Papa returned Sunday looking very well but I think sun burned- he talks to Florie about going to Cal. in reply she says she is not certain about her trip but would like to if all things – it will cost a thousand dollars &c. ------

Maria Quneles walked out yesterday with Florie and little Edward and nurse – they left us an hour ago to go to cousin John’s to spend the day – the point to their visit was to see Margie; she and Annie sit-by in a quiet chat making sun bonnets – and ask to be remembered in my letter.  Margie says she wishes her love to Mrs. Borden and knows she would love her could she know her. Alec has a week holiday and he and Bessie are playing upon the carpet preforming for Kemic & Chiri who came in the evening to play with them – Cousin John & family inquire with affectionate interest about you.  Betsy Romyay also speaks with the old affection of you – Mag is still in La – where she will remain all summer.

A letter from Jennie this morning and one a few days ago from Kate gives us news of her restoration from her ‘accident’ also of the condition of her brother who is now in Montgomery with her K’s mother under Jennies care, he is in a very critical condition some of his symptoms are better, but J. fears his constitution is too much exhausted to admit of any very great improvement, is very weak, has spell of prostration and is much emanicated.

Addie is at home again her mother went with her for a week and now Miss Emily is with her.  Margie and I will go Saturday week, first, taking Bessie to Meridian to meet her father who will take her home.

Sallie writes that she is busy renovating and visiting too; so we gladden our hearts with the thought she is steadily improving.

A letter just recd. from Helen says all are well, and she laments so much not seeing Margie and Bessie.

Tell Genie his Cust {sp?} has been recd. to Annie, Margie wrote last week and I write this and will write to him soon. The P.O. order came all safe as we have written once.

Papa has come to the door telling me to hurry and I feel this is but the shadow of what a letter should have been.

Brother C. Dretor {sp ?}, and all send love and best wishes and so does your loving sister to you and the dear friends and Lida.
We do not know your city address Have you recd the little “tricks” sent direct to Eugene
It was Belfield L. that Mr. Wayne called his man, tell Gene.

Monday, May 2, 2011

Borden Family Genealogy Part 2

{This is the continuation of The Borden Family Genealogy papers I received from Mary Claire.  I have transcribed what was written.  I have the same page breaks, so could be a bit difficult to read, the page breaks are in brackets [ ].  I have made a couple of additions that are noted with { } with text in Red.  That information is NOT in the original.  I am spending the day to try to locate more on this branch of the family.  I still have numerous letters from this same time period to scan and transcribe.  I hope you enjoy}

          Richard Borden, usually known in the family as the Emigrant, was born at Borden, in Kent County, England, in the year 1600, (See Peterson’s History of Rhode Island, pp. [18 or 48], and emigrated to the English Colonies in North America in 1635.  The Hon. Orin Fowler, a member of Congress who resided at Fall River, Massachusetts, in his Historical Sketch says that Richard Borden was the first of the name of Borden who came to America, and as is generally stated and believed, was the progenitor of all of that name in Rhode Island, (See Fowler, pp. 20 and 66), and the Rev. P. G. Seaberry in his collections has compiled . . .

[page 12]
much interesting information on the subject.

          From these sources, and from Savage’s Genealogical Dictionary and Deak’s Researches for information of the First Settlers of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, and also from the records kept in the Mother Country of the early emigration to the Colonies, I have ascertained that about 1635 there were several of the name of Borden who emigrated from the County of Kent, England, to the Province of Massachusetts and settled near Boston.  Richard and John, who were brothers, finally removed to Portsmouth, the township of land situated on the northern end of the island of Rhode Island.  Two of the family, one of the name of George, and the other Briant, it is said remained in Massachusetts.  There were the blood relatives of the two first named, but whether they were the brothers or cousins of Richard and John, or in what particular relationship they stood to them, has not been ascertained.  Our ancestor, William Borden, Sen., who emigrated from Rhode Island to the Colony of North Carolina, was a grandson of Richard the Emigrant.  This William is usually called the Ship-builder.

          Richard Borden (the emigrant) and Joan, his wife, had ten children.  Thomas and Francis, born in Kent before their parents emigrated to America; Mathew, born at Portsmouth, May 1638, (Mathew Borden was the first white child born on the island of Rhode Island – see Peterson’s R. I., pp. 48; John, born September, 1640; Joseph, January 3rd, 1643; Sarah, May 1644; Samuel, July 1646; Benja- . . .

[page 13]
min, May 1649; Annie, February 1654; and Mary, 1656.  He had not resided in Massachusetts long before he became involved in the religious controversies at Boston, disputes for which that intolerant place has always been celebrated; fanaticism then as now seeming to be indigenous to the soil.  He was among the most active and enterprising of the settlers in that vicinity, and being a man of education and general intelligence as well as of great firmness, he espoused the cause of religious liberty, and for so doing suffered with others severe persecution from the zealots who were then in power in both church and state in the Colony of Massachusetts.  His opposition to the arbitrary measures of those in authority finally led to his removing from Massachusetts Bay to the island of Rhode Island.  HE took an active part in the affairs of this colony and held several responsible positions under the Government of Rhode Island, -among others that of Treasurer-general of the colony.
          He resided at Portsmouth till the time of his death, March 25th, 1670.  He died at the age of seventy, and his remains rest in the burial ground attached to the Friends’ meeting house near Quaker Hill, in the Township of Portsmouth, R. I. (See Peterson’s History, of R. I. pp.48).

          John Borden of the second generation of Richard the Emigrant and his wife Joan, was born September 1640 at . . .

Portsmouth, R. I., the residence of his father.  The name of his wife was Mary, but I have forgotten her maiden name. {note:  the maiden name of Mary was Earle (born 1655 and died Jun 1734), daughter of William (1634-1715) and Mary (Walker) (1636-1718) Earle. Mary is my 8th Great-GreatAunt.} They located at Portsmouth, R. I.

          The following are the names of their children:  Richard, John, Thomas, William, Benjamin, Hope, Mary, Annie and Joseph.  Richard and Joseph, two of the sons of John and grandsons of Richard the Emigrant, settled at Fall River, then called Freetown, which name was subsequently changed to Fall River.  The land in the vicinity of Fall River was purchased of the Indians in January, 1659, and was called the Freeman’s purchase.  After the division of the purchase into twenty-six lots or shares among the first proprietors, there remained an undivided strip on the south side of Freetown adjoining the line of Tiverton in R. I.  This tract was purchased at public sale by John Borden of Portsmouth, R. I., for nin [sic] pounds and eight shillings sterling, in silver.  The land now constituting Tiverton R. I. having also been purchased of the Indians, John and his two sons, Richard and Joseph, united with Col. Benjamin Church and his brother Caleb Church, and purchased of the proprietors a large tract of land on the north side of Tiverton, adjoining Freetown,.  Afterwards the sons Richard and Joseph purchased the interest of the Messrs. Church in the property, and finally the land on both sides of the Fall River, with all the water power, one of the finest in the world, came into the hands of the Borden family.  Tradition says that John Borden was enterprising and successful in business and accumulated . . .

[page 15]
a large property.  He and his two sons commenced about 1702 the improvement of the water power at Fall River, which has since become so valuable.  Among his other purchases was part of Hog Island, the jurisdiction over which was disputed between the two colonies of Rhode Island and Plymouth.

          The Bordens, it seems, never had any particular love for the government of the Puritans.  John Borden was a sturdy supporter of the authority of the little colony of Rhode Island, and it will be seen by the records of the Colonial Assembly of R. I., June 24th, 1684, he petitioned to the Assembly of R. I. for redress of his grievances, and complained that he had been arrested and suffered great indignities for maintaining the rights and jurisdictions of R. I. over his purchase of Hog Island (See Massachusetts Historical Collection, Vol. 5, pp. 127-128).  He is represented as being one of the most thrifty, but at the same time one of the purest of men.  The celebrated Indian Chief, King Philip, who was overpowered and killed by Col. Benjamin Church and his men (August 12th, 1676), paid John Borden the compliment only a short time before the death of that unfortunate chief, of saying “he was the only honest white man he ever knew.” (Arnold’s History of R. I., Vol. 1, pp.394).

          The descendants of several of the sons of Richard the emigrant and John his son, after the most diligent search by Mr. Fowler, Mr. Seabury and others, cannot be traced.  It is said some of them settled in other parts of  . . .

[page 16]
Rhode Island, and others went to Connecticut and from thence have been carried by the tide of emigration into various sections of New England, to New York, and to the western and southwestern states, but wherever one of the name is found uniformly claim Richard Borden the Emigrants, of Portsmouth, R. I., as the common ancestor of all of the name of Borden on the Continent of America.

          William Borden, of the third generation (counting from the emigrant), the fourth son of John Borden, of the second gener4ation, and Mary his wife, was born at Portsmouth, R. I., August 15th, 1689.  He married a Miss Alice Hull, daughter of William Hull, July 7th, 1715.  They had four children, a son and three daughters, namely:  Alice, Hope and William born in Rhode Island, and Hannah, born in North Carolina.  He carried on the business of ship building at New Port R. I., and visited North Carolina to procure live oak, cedar and yellow pine timber for his business, and purchased a long narrow island in Carteret County for the live oak and cedar timber on it, which island was for a long time called Borden’s Banks.

          He removed to North Carolina in 1732, and settled in Carteret County about four miles from Beaufort, the county seat, and about the same distance from the present town of Morehead City, and six miles from Fort Macon, on the bank of a river which he called New Port.  In the year 1722, he commenced at New Port, R. I., the manufacture of . . . .

[page 17]
sail cloth, and the General Assembly of the Colony of Rhode Island granted him a bounty on each bolt of hemp duck manufactured by him; but the undertaking did not prove successful, and probably caused his removal from Rhode Island to North Carolina.  (See Arnold’s History of R. I., Vol. 2, pp. 72).  He died in North Carolina in 1748.  His daughter Alice married a person name Pratt, Hope married a Stanton, and Hannah one named Mace.  The descendants of his three daughters are settled in Ohio and Indiana.

          It is known that two of the sons of Richard the Emigrant settled in New Jersey; Francis located at Shrewsbury.  He was the friend of William Penn, and went back to England with Penn in 1701.  He returned to Kent (where he was born,) and died in that county.  Samuel was a member of the General Assembly of West Jersey, called by Governor Jennings in 1681.  His descendants located at Cooper’s Creek, and one of them purchased a large tract of land on the banks of the Delaware River, where the town of Bordentown is now built.  Col. Joseph Borden, one of his descendants, was a member from New Jersey, of the First National Congress of the Colonies, meeting in New York, October, 1765.  The descendants of Samuel Borden are numerous in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.  Col. Samuel Borden of Cincinnati, Ohio, was one of this branch of the family.

          Benjamin Borden, by some believed to be a son of John of the second generation, and by others supposed to . . .

[page 18]
be a son of Richard the Emigrant, it is said took to a seafaring life and went back to England.  He visited the family in Kent and also others of the name who had removed to the north counties in England, in which last named locality he married and lived for some years.  He subsequently met with Lord Fairfax in Kent, who resided at Leeds Castle in that county.  He induced Benjamin Borden to return to America, and he settled in Virginia in a part of what is now Rockbridge County, he having been appointed to survey and sell his lordship’s land in that vicinity.  An incident is related of him which may be mentioned as illustrative of the manner of conducting public business in Virginia at that period.  Soon after he arrived in the county he went with two persons named Lewis to explore the western part of the colony.  They went as far as the Salt Licks on the Kanawha, and the valley of the Big Sandy River.  I will state the incident as it is related in Withers History of the Settlement of Western Virginia, pp. 43-4.  “John Lewis settled on a creek which still bears the name of Lewis Creek, near Staunton, Va.  Lewis being at Williamsburg the capital of the Colony of Virginia met accidentally with Benjamin Borden who had just arrived in Virginia from England, and who had some out as the general agent of Lord Fairfax.  Lewis prevailed on Borden to accompany him home.  He remained at Lewis’s for some time looking after his lordship’s interest in that section of the country, and on his return to Williamsburg brought with him a buffalo calf, which, while hunting and exploring with Samuel and Andrew Lewis, sons of John Lewis, they . . .

[page 19]
had caught not far from the banks of the Ohio River between the Kanawha and Big Sandy.  This young buffalo was partially tamed at Lewis’s, and Borden succeeded after much difficulty in having it conveyed to the capital; he presented it to Governor Yooch, who was so much pleased with Borden and his present that he made an entry on the Executive Journal authorizing him to locate an immense tract of land on the head waters of the Shenandoah or James River, west of the Blue Ridge.  This grant was located in parts of what is now Rockbridge and Botetourt Counties.  One of the conditions of the grant was that Borden should settle at least one hundred families with in ten years on this land.”

          In order to effect a compliance with this and other conditions to permanently secure the donation, Borden again returned to the Mother Country, and on his return to the Province brought with him from the north of England, where his wife’s relatives resided, and from the south of Scotland, upwards of one hundred families of adventurers to settle his grant.  Among them was John Patton, who subsequently married Borden’s daughter and settled on the Catawba near Pattonsburg.  The daughter of John Patton became the wife of Col. W. Preston, a former governor of Virginia.  The Pattons of Virginia and the Prestons of South Carolina are descendants of this Benjamin Borden.  John McDowell of Virginia, the Jacksons, the Reids, and one branch of the family of the Alexanders also came over with him.

[page 20]
          It was the possession of this immense grant of land that laid the foundation of his subsequent fortune.  He had a son of the same name whose fabulous wealth is still proverbial in western Virginia, and in all of the west where people from that section have settled.  Some years before the War of the Revolution he is issued paper money on the responsibility of his landed estates, and to this day the phrase “As good as Ben Borden’s bills,” is common throughout the northwest.

          Some of the old members of the family in North Carolina remember to have seen letters from Benjamin Borden of Virginia, and the Hon. Joseph Borden of Bordertown, New Jersey, to William Borden of Carteret County, North Carolina.  These letters were unfortunately lost or destroyed at the time the British destroyed the property of the second William Borden, on New Port River, Carteret County, North Carolina, in the War of the Revolution.  Whether these letters from Virginia were written by Benjamin Borden the father or son of that name in Virginia, and where Benjamin Borden the elder of Virginia was the uncle or brother of William Borden, the first of that name, (or as he was generally called, the Ship-builder), who removed from Rhode Island to the Colony of North Carolina in 1732, is not now certainly known, but there are grounds of conjecture rendering it highly probable he was his uncle.

          William Borden, the only son of the preceding William Borden, and Alice Hull Borden, his wife, was born . . .

[page 21]
in Rhode Island February 6th, 1731.  His father removed to North Carolina when he was not quite two years old.  When he arrived at man’s estate he married “Comfort,” daughter of Col. Lovett, and settled on the north side of New Port River, near the mouth of Harlow’s Creek, in Carteret County, North Carolina, where they had six children born unto them, four sons and two daughters, namely, William, John (who died when quite young), Alice (who married David Ward of Carteret County, N. C.,) Benjamin, Joseph, and Hope (who married Asa Hatch, of Jones County, N. C. -).  William Borden was a warm and devoted friend to the cause of the colonies at the time of the Revolutionary War.  He was elected a delegate from Carteret County to the State Convention of North Carolina that met at Halifax in December 1776 to frame a constitution for the state, and was afterwards also one of the delegates from Carteret County convened at Hillsboro on the 21st of July 1788, to decide on the question whether the state of North Carolina would attach herself to the Confederacy by ratifying the Federal Constitution.  During the War of Independence he suffered much from the depredations of the enemy, having had his store, mills and warehouses destroyed by the British.

          The family in Rhode Island and New Jersey suffered from their devotion to the cause of their country.  The north part of Tiverton, Rhode Island, and the country about Fall River, was frequently visited by the English whose ships lay in the waters of the Narragansett Bay.

[page 22]
In one of the British incursions the dwelling of Thomas Borden and his grist and saw mills were destroyed by fire.  The English on this occasion were repulsed by the people under the command of Col. Durfee, whose mother was a Borden.  In this retreat the English set fire to the dwelling of Richard Borden and took him prisoner.  He, however was soon after released upon his parole (see Fowler’s History, pp. 24-25)  At the time when New Jersey was overrun by the enemy, and when the prospects of the colonies were the darkest, an officer stationed at Bordentown, N. J., (said by Major Garden to be Lord Cornwallis), endeavored to persuade, and then to intimidate the wife of the Hon. Joseph Borden, of that place, to abandon the cause of her country.  He wished her to use her influence with her husband and son to take sides with the Royalists.  Both father and son were absent at the time in the Continental Army.  The officer promised if she would induce them to quit the standard they followed and join the Royalists that her husband’s property would be protected, while in case of refusal the estate would be ravaged and their elegant mansion burned to the ground.

          Mrs. Borden answered by bidding him defiance.

         “The sight of our house in flames,” she said, “would be a treat to me, for since you have been here I have seen enough to know that you never injure what you have power to keep and enjoy.  The application of a torch to my dwelling I should regard as a signal for your departure.”

[page 23]
          The house was burned in fulfillment of the threat, the property laid waste and the animals were all slaughtered or driven off; but as the owner had predicted, the retreat of the spoiler quickly followed. (See Ellet’s Women of the American Revolution, Vol. 2, pp. 305-306)

          William Borden died November 2nd, 1799, and was buried in the burial ground attached to the Friends’ meeting house, Cove Sound, Carteret County, North Carolina.

          Our father, Joseph Borden, fourth son of William Borden and Comfort his wife, was born at the residence of his father on New Port River, Careret County, North Carolina, May 5th, 1769.  On the sixteenth day of June, 1796 he was married to Miss Esther Wallace, daughter of David Wallace, Esq., of Carteret County, North Carolina.

          Joseph Borden, owing to the disturbed state of the country during the War of the Revolution, had little or no opportunity of attending school.  He possessed, however, a strong native intellect, a correct judgment, united with an active and untiring industry, and by diligent reading in a great measure surmounted the defects of the almost total want of an early education.  He settled on his paternal estate on the New Port River, but in consequence of the destruction of his father’s property by the British, he was compelled to begin life with very limited means, and necessarily had to endure the exertions and privations incident to a country comparatively new, and then but just recovering from the ravages of civil war.  He and his wife were frugal and perseveringly industrious, and with the . . .

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blessings of God, acquired a competency and raised a numerous family who were permitted to “arise up and call them blessed.”  They lived esteemed in the community, and when removed by death, left a numerous circle of relatives, friends, and acquaintances to mourn their loss.

          Joseph Borden departed this life at the old family mansion where he and his father resided during their lives, in Carteret County, North Carolina, on the sixth day of January, 1825.  He lies buried beside his father near the Friends’ meeting house, Carteret County, North Carolina.  He was a firm believer in the truth of the Christian religion, and had been for many years an active member of the Society of Friends, and with the greatest truth it could be said of him that he was a Christian indeed, without guile, and the noblest work of God – an honest man.

          Our mother, Esther Wallace, was the daughter of David and Mary Wallace (whose maiden name was Mary Willis).  Robert Wallace, the father of David Wallace, it is said, was a nephew of Col. James Wallace, of Dundonald, in Ayrshire, Scotland, who commanded at the battle of Pentland Hills, and was banished to Holland for his opposition to the course of the Stuarts.  Robert Wallace married Esther West of the Island of Guernsey, in the English Channel.

          Our mother was born November 1st, 1771, at Portsmouth, near Ocracoke Inlet, Carteret County, North Carolina.  She long survived our father, and departed this life at the village of New Berne, Greene County, Alabama,. . .

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where she had removed with most of her children after the decease of our father.  The following notice of her death will give some idea of her character:

“Died at New Berne, Greene County, at the residence of her son, Thomas R. Borden, Esq., Mrs. Esther Borden, late of Carteret County, North Carolina, in the eighty-second year of her age.  She was a native of Carteret County, North Carolina, but had resided some twenty years in Alabama.  AThough it was not our good fortune to be acquainted with the deceased, we have often heard her spoken of by those who did enjoy that pleasure, as a woman endowed by nature with a mind with a mind of a very high order, which had been most assiduously cultivated.  Her extensive knowledge of History, and her familiarity with the English Poets and the Classical Literature of the day, her ready memory and her superior conversational powers were the subject of frequent remark by those who were so fortunate as to enjoy her acquaintance.  As a mother, neighbor and friend, she was a pattern of kindness and affection, and has left a large circle of relatives and friends to mourn her loss.”
          The following are the names of the children of Joseph and Esther Borden, all born at the old homestead on New Port River, Carteret County, North Carolina.
·        William Hull Borden, born May 5th 1800.  He married Elizabeth Dixon of New Berne, North Carolina.
·        Benjamin Borden, born December 11th, 1801; married Margret Hill of Carteret County, North Carolina.  He . . . 

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married for a second wife Martha Gray, of Greene County, Alabamal
·        David Wallace Borden, born August 19th, 1803; married Hope Ward of Carteret County, North Carolina.
·        Joseph Borden, Jr., born June 8th, 1806; married Juliet Rhodes of Sumpter County, Alabama.
·        Thomas Richard Borden, born June 24th, 1808; married Anne Jones of New Berne, North Carolina.
·        James Wallace Borden, born February 5th, 1810; married for his first wife Emeline Griswold, of Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York, and his second wife was Jane Conkling, of Springfield, Otsego County, New York.
·        Mary Wallace Borden, born June 27th, 1811; married Israel Sheldon of Orange, New Jersey.
·        Isaac Pennington Borden, born July 26th, 1813; married Elizabeth Marest of Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
·        Hannah Gaston Borden, died an infant; born March 22nd, 1815, and died May 18th, 1815.

I am, dear Benjamin, with the greatest respect and affection,
                                      Your brother,
                                                          James W. Borden.